Saturday, May 27, 2006


Sat., May 27, 2006 - Rwanda Genocide

Rwanda Genocide

U.S. Government Documents- Rwanda Civil War
From the site:
“Rwanda Civil War
No other recent conflict in Africa has taken as high a toll in such a short period of time as the Rwanda genocide, in which between half a million and a million people were massacred. From April to July 1994, extremist political groups organized the massacre, directed primarily at the minority.”
[NOTE: Home page previously posted. - Phyllis ]


BBC: How Rwanda Genocide Happened
From the site:
“Between April and June 1994, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the space of 100 days. Most of the dead were Tutsis - and most of those who perpetrated the violence were Hutus.”


BBC: Rwanda Genocide 10 Years On
From the site:
“Rwanda remembers genocide victims
Rwanda holds ceremonies to honour the 800,000 people butchered in 1994, amid criticism of the West's stance.”


Human Rights Watch: Rwandan Genocide
From the site:
“ This study, summarized in the introduction, describes in detail how the killing campaign was executed, linking oral testimony with extensive written documentation…Drawing on many sources, including previously unpublished testimony and documents from diplomats and United Nations staff, the study shows how international actors failed to avert or stop the genocide.”

See also: Ten Years Later

Remembering Rwanda: Africa in Conflict, Yesterday and Today

[NOTE: Other pages from previously posted. - Phyllis ]


National Security Archive: Rwanda Genocide
The U.S. and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994
Information, Intelligence and the U.S. Response
March 24, 2004
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Yale University Rwandan Genocide Project
Includes maps and satellite images from before and after.


United Nations Reflections on Genocide in Rwanda
From the site:
“Background to the genocide
In 1994, 800,000 Rwandans were slaughtered by their fellow countrymen and women, most for no other reason than that they belonged to a particular ethnic group. The killings began on 7 April 1994, the day after a plane carrying the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi was shot out of the sky with a missile as it prepared to land in Kigali. The systematic slaughter of men, women and children, which took place over the course of about 100 days between April and July of 1994, was perpetrated in full view of the international community. Appalling atrocities were committed, by militia and the armed forces, but also by civilians against other civilians. The genocide was highly organized, with top government and ruling party officials playing a role. Lists were drawn up of Tutsi and opposition leaders earmarked for assassination before the genocide itself actually began. The hate media also played a role in mobilizing support for and participation in the killings. Thus, the key perpetrators were not faceless crowds, but identifiable individuals who can be brought to justice.”


Amnesty International Rwanda Civil War
From the site:
“Between April and July 1994, as many as one million people were killed in a genocide organized by extremist elements within the Hutu-dominated government and armed forces, the Forces Armées Rwandaises (FAR).”
[NOTE: Other pages from previously posted. - Phyllis ]


CIA Factbook: Rwanda
[NOTE: Home page previously posted. - Phyllis ]


PBS: Rwanda After the Genocide
From the site:
“An estimated 800,000 people, in a population of 7 million, were wiped out in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. It was one of the worst slaughters in human history. The aim of the Rwanda government officials who encouraged it was to eliminate all Tutsis from the country.”
[NOTE: Home page previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights
From the site:
“We live in a time of unparalleled instances of democide, genocide and ethnocide. The Holocaust, the genocides in Darfur, Turkey, Cambodia, Tibet, & Bosnia, the disappearances in Argentina & Chile, the death squad killings in El Salvador, Stalin's purges, the killing of the Tutsi in Rwanda . . . . and the list goes on.”
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


United States Institute of Peace- Rwanda
From the site:
“Justice and accountability must be established with respect to those individuals who perpetrated the atrocities that occurred in Rwanda during the spring and summer of 1994.”
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Fri., May 26, 2006 - Meyer's Holocaust Links

Meyer's Holocaust Links, 9th ed.
Officially re-released: April 26, 2006

Friday, May 26, 2006


Fri., May 26, 2006 - Independence Day Quiz

Independence Day Quiz
From the site:
“The 4th of July is the time when we celebrate our nation--a time to reflect on the freedoms which we believe are not granted by our government, but are self-evident rights for all humankind. Time for the Independence Day Quiz which asks, "How much do you really know?" Every day thousands leave their homelands to settle here in the land of the free. Before they become citizens they are required to take a citizenship test and score 80%. Could you pass this test if you took it today?”


Fri., May 26, 2006

Sites found in:
PBS Teacher Previews: May 28 - June 3, 2006

Secrets of the Dead
"Mystery of the Black Death"
Middle / High School
Wednesday, May 31, 2006
8 - 9:00 pm
This program begins in September of 1665, when a tailor in the
secluded English village of Eyam opened a flea-infested
shipment of fabric from London. Three hundred and fifty years
later, Dr. Stephen O'Brien, a geneticist from the National
Institutes of Health, is delving into the reasons why some
individuals managed to survive the excruciating Black Death.
(CC, Stereo, 1 year)

Download our lesson plan in which students learn about
incomplete dominance inheritance by learning about the
survivors of the Black Death and completing Punnett Squares.
They also discover an important link between this ancient
disease and AIDS.
[NOTE: Other programs from this series ( ) previously posted. - Phyllis ]

Ending Aids: The Search For A Vaccine
Middle / High School
Thursday, June 1, 2006
8 - 9:00 pm
Join narrator Richard Gere for this riveting story of the
people and organizations leading the global hunt for the cure
for AIDS. With approximately 100,000 people a week newly
infected with HIV and three million expected to die next year
alone, finding a vaccine to stop the AIDS pandemic is one of
the greatest challenges facing humanity. (CC, Stereo, 1 year)

Learn more about the search for an AIDS vaccine at the
companion Web site.
Original broadcast on World AIDS Day, December 1, 2005.

American Experience
"Two Days in October"
High School
Monday, May 29, 2006
9 - 10:30 pm
Based on the book "They Marched Into Sunlight" by Pulitzer
Prize-winning journalist David Maraniss, this documentary tells
the story of two turbulent days in October 1967 when history
turned a corner. In a jungle in Vietnam, a Viet Cong ambush
nearly wiped out an American battalion and on a campus in
Wisconsin, a student protest against the war spiraled out of
control. (CC, Stereo, DVI, 1 year)

Check out our suggestions for active learning; use the film to
help your students learn about the nation's divide over the
Vietnam War.

[NOTE: Premiered on October 17, 2005. Previously posted. Teaching guide:
Announcement from AMEX pasted below.
– Phyllis ]

Youth Radio: The Fourth R
Middle / High School

This Web site seeks to include radio with reading, writing, and
(a)rithmetic as a core subject. The curriculum is for
developing skills with media literacy, critical thinking and
reporting on social issues.

Copyright 2006 PBS Online.
---------Forwarded Message--------
Date: Thu, 25 May 2006 18:13:30 -0400 (EDT)
News from American Experience

Monday, May 29 at 9 p.m. on PBS (check local listings)

"heart-pounding" --Los Angeles Times

"If you could watch only one program to grasp what the war in
Vietnam did to the United States, TWO DAYS would be a great
choice" --Boston Globe

The winner of the George Foster Peabody Award -- one of the most
prestigious awards in broadcasting -- TWO DAYS IN OCTOBER returns

Based on the book "They Marched Into Sunlight" by Pulitzer
Prize-winning journalist David Maraniss, TWO DAYS IN OCTOBER
tells the story of two turbulent days in October 1967. In
Vietnam, a U.S. battalion unwittingly marched into a Viet Cong
trap. Sixty-one young men were killed and as many wounded. The
ambush prompted some in power to wonder whether the war might be
unwinnable. Half a world away, concerned students at the
University of Wisconsin protested the presence of Dow Chemical
recruiters on campus. When Madison police showed up, the
demonstration spiraled out of control, marking the first time
that a student protest had turned violent.


Visit TWO DAYS IN OCTOBER online to hear from the participants in
these two harrowing events, and from their family members. Take
the online poll about questioning governments during wartime. And
share your thoughts on Vietnam.

Podcast: AMERICAN EXPERIENCE Stories (and Video!) to Go

Subscribe and get AMERICAN EXPERIENCE stories to go every week!
Or find these podcasts on iTunes by searching for AMERICAN


Fri., May 26, 2006 - Radtown, USA

RadTown USA
From the site:
“Radiation is natural and all around us. It can be man-made too. But it's nothing new. It is, quite simply, part of our lives. RadTown USA is a virtual community showing a wide variety of radiation sources and uses as you may encounter them in everyday life.”
[NOTE: Other pages from previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Thurs., May 25, 2006 - Japanese Internment Camp Web Sites

Japanese Internment Camps Web Sites

Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of WWII Japanese American
Relocation Sites: National Park Service (NPS)
From the site:
“This report provides an overview of the tangible remains currently left at the sites of the Japanese American internment during World War II. The main focus is on the War Relocation Authority's relocation centers, but Department of Justice and U.S. Army facilities where Japanese Americans were interned are also considered.”


Manzanar National Historic Site Home Page
From the site:
“Manzanar War Relocation Center was one of ten camps at which Japanese American citizens and resident Japanese aliens were interned during World War II. Located at the foot of the imposing Sierra Nevada in eastern California's Owens Valley, Manzanar has been identified as the best preserved of these camps.”


Internment of San Francisco Japanese - 1942
From the site:
“The San Francisco News, for the first six months of 1942, carried almost daily reports of FBI and police sweeps, and the various proclamations, plans - and restrictions to civil liberties…At the same time, San Francisco business and government leaders began planning to physically clear the Japanese community from the Western Addition by declaring it a "slum area." This planning began one month before the last Japanese residents were forced from the so-called "Little Tokio," or Japantown, district.”


"Suffering under a Great Injustice": Ansel Adams's Photographs of
Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar
From the site, "Suffering under a Great Injustice": Ansel Adams's
Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar features 209
photographic prints and 241 original negatives taken by Adams in 1943 of
Japanese Americans who were relocated from their homes during World War
II and interned in the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California."
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Japanese American Relocation Digital Archive
Japanese American Relocation Digital Archives (JARDA)
This project indexes the holdings of a number of California
repositories which document the experience of Japanese
Americans in World War II internment camps. There are
over "10,000 digital images [which] have been created [and
which are] complimented by 20,000 pages of electronic
transcriptions of document and oral histories." Although
somewhat difficult to use, the results are richly rewarding for
students and anyone else interested in these events. From the
California Digital Library.
[NOTE: Previously posted: Copyright 2002 by Librarians' Index to the Internet,
- Phyllis ]


The Incarceration of Japanese-Americans During World War II
Shortened URL:
Site includes Documents, Photographs, Oral Histories, Lesson Plans and Chronology.


Asian Americans in the U.S.
Tracing the history of Asian Americans in the U.S., collection materials include information about the regulation of Chinese immigration in the late 19th century and, illustrated by impressive photographs, the internment of more than 100,000 people of Japanese ancestry during the World War II.

To see full text, select title and then click on .gif image


Children of the Camps: The Japanese American WWII Internment Camp Experience
From the site:
“More than 120,000 Japanese Americans were interned behind barbed wire during World War II...
...over half were children.

The Children of the Camps documentary captures the experiences of six Americans of Japanese ancestry who were confined as innocent children to internment camps by the U.S. government during World War II. The film vividly portrays their personal journey to heal the deep wounds they suffered from this experience.”

Site includes Historical Documents, The Camps, and Timeline.


The Life and Work of George Hoshida
From the site:
“This Web site honors the spirit and talent of George Hoshida (1907-1985), an incarcerated artist who documented camp life with pencil and brushwork in a series of notebooks he kept between 1942 and 1945. Through examples of Hoshida's artwork and personal correspondence with his family, this web site hopes to provide insight into one individual's incarceration experience.”


Camp Harmony
From the site:
“In the spring of 1942, just months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, more than 100,000 residents of Japanese ancestry were forcefully evicted by the army from their homes in Washington, Oregon, California, Arizona and Alaska, and sent to nearby temporary assembly centers. From there they were sent by trains to American-style concentration camps at remote inland sites where many people spent the remainder of the war. This exhibit tells the story of Seattle's Japanese American community in the spring and summer of 1942 and their four month sojourn at the Puyallup Assembly Center known as "Camp Harmony."
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Life Interrupted: The Japanese American Experience in WWII Arkansas

On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order
9066, which gave the Secretary of War the authority to designate "military
areas from which to exclude certain people." As a result, over 120,000
Japanese-Americans were removed to relocation camps all over the United
States for much of World War II. This site, developed by the University of
Arkansas at Little Rock's Public History program and the Japanese American
National Museum in Los Angeles, offers a nicely composed historical overview
to the human experience within the two relocation camps in Arkansas during
World War II. The design of the site is particularly inviting, as each
section appears as a manila folder, on top of a well-worn wooden table. A
history section offers a brief overview of the internment of Japanese
Americans across the country, along with a timeline that provides details on
the history of the Arkansas camps. A multimedia section allows visitors to
view the current site of the former camps and to browse through a scrapbook
of archive photographs of daily life in the camps. This site will be an
excellent resource for educators and students seeking information about this
tragic episode in American history. [KMG]
[NOTE: Previously posted. from The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2002. - Phyllis ]


Civil Liberties and National Security
In search box, enter: Japanese Americans


The Japanese American Internment Experience
From the site:
“When World War II broke out, anti-Japanese feeling in California, which had always been high, exploded. Rather than take the lead in cooling passions, the federal government gave in to nativist demands to intern an entire ethnic group. Not since American Indians had been rounded up and forced onto reservations had the United States government committed such an injustice.”


Colorado's Camp Granada
From the site:
"The year 1942 witnessed an event unprecedented in the long epic of America. Immediately after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor and the subsequent declaration of war, irresistible machinery went into operation starting a chain of events which finally culminated in the complete removal of all Japanese, both citizens and aliens alike from the west coast…”


University of Utah Japanese Internment Camps Photos
From the site:
“Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the United States was gripped by war hysteria. This was especially strong along the Pacific coast of the U.S., where residents feared more Japanese attacks on their cities, homes, and businesses.”


Internet Resources on Japanese Internment Camps
Annotated Directory of Internet Resources
Shortened URL:
[NOTE: Home page previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Utah Education Network- Japanese Internment Camps
From the site:
“During the opening months of World War II, the United States government imprisoned almost 120,000 Japanese Americans. Two-thirds of the people interned were citizens of the United States.”


Santa Clara University Online Exhibit
From the site:
“During World War II, approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans were evacuated from their homes and businesses to internment camps scattered throughout the interior of the United States. Executive Order 9066, signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in February of 1942, ordered that all Japanese Americans be evacuated from the West Coast.”


The following sites were also previously posted:

Densho: The Japanese American Legacy Project

A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution

Dear Miss Breed: Letters from Camp

Of Civil Rights and Wrongs: The Fred Korematsu Story

Wednesday, May 24, 2006


Wed., May 24, 2006 - The Open Door Web Site

The Open Door Web Site
From the site:
“The Open Door Web Site is a reference source for both students and teachers.
The contents of this site are designed for use by students between the ages of 9
and 17. The Open Door Team hopes that you will find the material useful and
that it helps you to enjoy your research. Students are welcome to use any of the
information used on this site in their research projects.

Subjects include:
Study Guide

Use the Study Guide to link with other web sites that may help you with your research.”

After clicking on a subject, use the menu headings from the column on the right.


Wed., May 24, 2006 - Cotton Times - Understanding the Industrial Revolution

Cotton Times-Understanding the Industrial Revolution
From the site:
“The Industrial Revolution wasn't simply a switch in the way we earned our living, a move away from farming into manufacturing.” “Here, alongside the biographies of the inventors, engineers, statesmen and reformers, you will find the story of those ordinary people upon whom Britain's industrial success was founded.”
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Wed., May 24, 2006 - Antique Telephone History Website

Antique Telephone History Website
From the site:
“When one thinks of an antique telephone, the image of an old crank wall phone generally comes to mind. Since its invention in 1876 the telephone evolved along with the technology of the time. Not only was there an evolution in the instruments but many different manufacturers produced various styles and a certain uniqueness to their wall and desk telephones. The uniqueness of the old telephones has become very attractive and many people have found these to be interesting collectables. The pages on this site will provide links to the history of the telephone and the histories of a number of current telephone companies.”


Wed., May 24, 2006 - Libertyhaven

From the site:
“Libertyhaven now has over 5,000 articles, all full-text searchable from our search engine…Follow the main subject headings above to find such sub-categories as Austrian economics, Ludwig Von Mises, public choice theory, Henry Hazlitt, gun control, free trade, Friedrich Von Hayek, economic cycles and depressions, Adam Smith, economic history, Milton Friedman, ethics, Ayn Rand, privatization, and many, many more.”

Monday, May 22, 2006


Sun., May 21, 2006

Sites found in:

Librarians' Internet Index
Websites you can trust!

NEW THIS WEEK, February 9, 2006
Read This Online :

Alternatives to the Animal Report
Classroom activity alternatives to the factual animal report often assigned to elementary school students. Suggestions include writing a narrative (such as a comic or legend) or creating a visual and oral presentation (caricature, found object sculpture, or animation). Offers links to other material on report writing and related websites. From LEARN NC, a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education.
LII Item:
[NOTE: Other pages from previously posted.
See Also: Alternatives to other reports:
Rethinking reports
“Breathing new life into tired assignments: a little creativity can make research a rewarding learning experience for students and teachers alike.” - Phyllis ]

Disney Archives: Characters
Illustrated histories of human and animal Disney characters. Some entries include brief profiles, and others (such as Mickey Mouse, Goofy, Donald Duck, and Pluto) feature more extensive histories. From the Disney Archives.
LII Item:

Headphones and Hearing Loss
Audio of a January 2006 radio program in which a doctor from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School talks about hearing loss from listening to loud music. Topics addressed include the use of headphones by portable audio device owners and the use of earplugs by rock concertgoers. From WBUR, Boston's National Public Radio (NPR) affiliate.
LII Item:

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL)
Describes the causes and symptoms of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Also reviews current research, the nature of hearing, and who is susceptible to NIHL. In English and Spanish. From the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health (NIH).
LII Item:

The Association of American Editorial Cartoonists (AAEC)
Find many editorial cartoons on this website for professionals in this line of work. Browse and search for cartoons by topic (such as Medicare or homeland security), cartoonist, publication date, or keyword. "Cartoons for the Classroom" features lesson plans and other classroom materials. Includes cartoonist profiles and editorial cartoon news briefs. RSS feed available.
LII Item:

Editorial Cartoons: The Impact and Issues of an Evolving Craft
This 2004 publication examines the impact and future of political cartoons in the U.S. Article topics include the decline of editorial cartooning, freedom of speech, accusations of anti-Americanism, impact of local cartoons, the shortage of women cartoonists, and the relationship between editors and cartoonists. Opens directly into a PDF file. From Neiman Reports, a publication of the Neiman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University.
Shortened URL:
LII Item:


Karen G. Schneider,
LII New This Week Listowner, and
Director, Librarians' Internet Index
Websites You Can Trust!
Copyright 2006 by Librarians' Internet Index.


Sun., May 21, 2006 - The Bridge: Sea Grant Ocean Sciences Education Center

The Bridge: Sea Grant Ocean Sciences Education Center
From the site:
“The Bridge is a growing collection of the best marine education resources available on-line.”
Navigate through the site using the menu on the left of the screen.
[NOTE: Previously posted. - Phyllis ]


Sun., May 21, 2006 - A Walk Through Time

---------Forwarded Message--------
Hi! It's Thursday, February 9, 2006 and time for History at

Recommended Website:
Walk Through Time

We've featured this website previously, however it has been updated
with new, fun, interactive content that practically makes it brand
new. The Walk Through Time website is from the BBC television
series of the same name. While geared for ages 7-9, it provides
entertainment and education that the whole family can enjoy about
the following eras in history: Roman, Viking, Tudor, Victorian, and
the 1950's. As explained in the Teachers/Parents section, "The site
does not aim to be a comprehensive guide to any one particular
period, but rather an exploration of change, development and

When you get to the site you will see a menu of activities that

1. Odd-One-Out Games -- Choose an era in history. A picture of a
typical street scene or home setting appears on the screen. Your job
is to detect what items in the picture do not belong in the scene.

2. The TimeStrip -- This offers the opportunity to explore the
personalities of people living in different eras of history.

3. What Came First -- A randomly generated series of pictures from
various historical eras are presented on the screen. Your job is to
put them in chronological order.

4. In Living Memory -- This section provides a guided activity that
encourages kids to interview relatives or neighbors and create a
living history of their lives.

5. Print And Do -- Printable activities to do offline that explore
historical eras.

All of the games and activities can be used to enhance the study of
Roman, Viking, Tudor, Victorian or post WWII history. They can also
be used as a starting point for a lesson about the lives of men,
women and children during different historical eras. Use it to
discuss the differences in people's lives based on their place in
society (i.e., from peasants to kings). These activities are also
great conversation starters and can generate discussion about
changes in living conditions, work, transportation, clothes, food,
architecture, and technology through time.

Diane Flynn Keith
for ClickSchooling
Copyright 2006, All Rights Reserved

Note: We make every effort to recommend websites that have content that is appropriate for general audiences. Parents should ALWAYS preview the sites for suitable content.

Click Schooling (Clickschooling) is a Federally Registered Trademark.

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